Bulgarian herbs

Bean pod

Bean Pod is used as a supportive treatment for inability to urinate. In herbal folk medicine, it is used as a diuretic and antidiabetic.

Peppermint leaves

Organic Peppermint Leaf helps to improve the flow of bile from the liver to the gallbladder. The volatile oil found in Peppermint (a hybrid of watermint and spearmint) also aids with the overall digestive process. As such, the herb Mentha piperita helps keep your liver in proper working order and allows it to function more effectively.

Benefits of Peppermint Leaf

  • Promotes the elimination of foreign particles
  • Aids in digestion by calming the stomach
  • Relaxes the intestinal muscles to reduce cramping
  • Provides natural relief for respiratory difficulties
  • Reduces feelings of nausea and heartburn
  • Improves bile production and flow
  • Discourages the growth of harmful bacteria in the stomach

Lemon balm leaves

Ages lemon balm was used to soothe tension, to dress wounds, and as a cure for toothache, skin eruptions, mad dog bites, crooked necks, and sickness during pregnancy. It was even said to prevent baldness. As a medicinal plant, lemon balm has traditionally been employed against bronchial inflammation, earache, fever, flatulence, headaches, high blood pressure, influenza, mood disorders, palpitations, toothache and vomiting. A tea made from Lemon balm leaves is said to soothe menstrual cramps and helps relieve PMS.
The herb is used for nervous agitation, sleeping problems, functional gastrointestinal complaints, menstrual cramps and urinary spasms.

Senna leaves

Senna acts on the smooth muscles of the colon to instigate bowel movements. It is primarily used as an effective relief from occasional constipation.

Bearberry leaves

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Eating Bearberry:

  • Bearberry has been used traditionally for bladder treatment in the European herbal folk medicine. Bearberry tea is a traditional herbal treatment since centuries in Northern Europe and Eurasia.
  • Bearberry leaves are known to contain a very powerful antibacterial chemical compound known as hydroquinones. The compound has been scientifically proven for its anti-bacterial properties, though the US food and drug administration has questioned it and the plant is not sanctioned in the U.S. for medicinal use.
  • A tea prepared from the dried bearberry leaves has been a traditional treatment in many parts of the world for urinary tract infections. This treatment will work best if the patient is on a vegetable-based diet.
  • Bearberry leaves can also be smoked to get rid of headache. However, using bearberry in this form is illegal and is carefully regulated in many parts of the world, as it has a narcotic effect.
  • Bearberry is also used to make a partially dehydrated decoction, which may be applied as a pacifier to canker sores, sore gums, burns, and minor cuts.
  • Folk remedies of many regions of the world suggest the use of bearberry for effectively treating backaches, rheumatism and arthritis. In some parts of the world, bearberry is also used as a disinfectant.
  • Bearberry has been also found to be effective against E. coli, according to some reports. Preparations made of bearberry have shown promise against Proteus vulgaris, E. coli, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aerginosa, pneumonia, Enterococcus faecalis, and Streptococcus strains.

Sage leaves

Sage leaves (Salvia officinalis) have been used for excessive sweating, stomach upset (indigestion), and appetite loss. Some herbal/diet supplement products have been found to contain possibly harmful impurities/additives. Check with your pharmacist for more details regarding the particular brand you use. The FDA has not reviewed this product for safety or effectiveness. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Bilberry leaves

The bilberry was used in the past to help treat scurvy (a condition once common among sailors because of the lack of fresh fruit and, specifically, vitamin C). These days, the bilberry is used for many issues, including diarrhea, menstrual cramps, and circulation problems. The leaf of the bilberry plant also is sometimes used to treat diabetes. Basically, the fruit is eaten whole or made into extracts, whereas the leaves are used in teas (and extracts).

Rat-tail plantain leaves

It is an astringent herb that has diuretic, expectorant and anti-mucus properties, as well as mild anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It is healing, controls bleeding and fights bacterial infections.
It contains iridoid glycosides (aucubin, catalpol, asperuloside), tannins, mucilage, phenolic acids, flavonoids and unidentified saponins.

Mallow leaves

Because it contains active substances such as uronic acid, ammonia, saccharides, asparagines pectin, betaine, tanine, and resinous substances, marshmallow is externally used in treating laryngitis, dry facial skin, tonsillitis or leucorrhea; internally it is efficient against cough, bronchitis, kidney problems or digestive afflictions. Because of its mucilaginous properties, marshmallow also has emollient effects.

Stinging nettle leaves

Used for hundreds of years as an herbal medicine/remedy, stinging nettle is best known for its ability to ease pain in the muscles and joints caused by arthritis and gout.

  • Stinging nettle is used as a diuretic and laxative. Various extracts of stinging nettle have shown to be effective in treating diarrhea and urinary disorders, as well as prostate diseases. Studies show benefits in benign prostatic hyperplasia when treated with stinging nettle.
  • Used directly on the hair, stinging nettle is thought to add shine, and prevent oily hair and dandruff. It is also believed to be effective in treating or preventing baldness, as well as getting rid of head lice.
  • Stinging nettle has shown promise in reducing sneezing and itching as results from hay fever. This use as an herbal medicine/remedy for hayfever is successful due to the nettles ability to reduce the body’s production of histamines in relation to the allergen.
  • Used as a medicinal herb to treat respiratory issues such as asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis and allergies. Stinging nettle is thought to be an effective histamine blocker as well as an inflammation reducer, and it has been used to treat allergic rhinitis without the side effects of popular allergy medications.
  • Taken internally, stinging nettle may be effective against ulcers, intestinal inflammation, and hemorrhoids.
  • Stinging nettle contains 3,4-divanillyltetrahydrofuran, which is used by bodybuilders to increase free testosterone.
  • Stinging nettle shows promise as a possible treatment for Alzheimer’s disease and ADHD.
  • Because of its high vitamin K content, fresh stinging nettle can be used as a poultice to stop bleeding wounds and has also been used to stop excessive menstrual bleeding, nosebleeds, and other abnormal bleeding.
  • While fresh stinging nettle helps stop bleeding, dried stinging nettle has little vitamin K and is used as a blood thinner, making it useful herb against high blood pressure.

Basil herb

  • Basil leaves contain many notable plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.
  • Basil herb contains many polyphenolic flavonoids like orientin and vicenin. These compounds were tested in vitro laboratory studies for possible anti-oxidant protection against radiation-induced lipid per-oxidation in mouse liver.
  • Basil leaves contains many health benefiting essential oils such as eugenol, citronellol, linalool, citral, limonene and terpineol. These compounds are known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
  • The herbs parts are very low in calories and contain no cholesterol, but are very rich source of many essential nutrients, minerals, and vitamins that are essential for optimum health.
  • Basil herb contains exceptionally high levels of beta-carotene, vitamin A, cryptoxanthin, lutein and zea-xanthin. These compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease process.
  • Zeaxanthin, a yellow flavonoid carotenoid compound, is selectively absorbed into the retinal macula lutea where it found to filter harmful UV rays from reaching retina. Herbs, fruits, and vegetables that are rich in this compound help to protect from age related macular disease (AMRD), especially in the elderly.
  • Vitamin A is known to have antioxidant properties and is essential for vision. It is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin.
  • Vitamin K in basil is essential for many coagulant factors in the blood and plays vital role in the bone strengthening function by helping mineralization process in the bones.
  • Basil herb contains good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.
  • Basil leaves are an excellent source of iron, contains 3.17 mg/100 g of fresh leaves (about 26% of RDA). Iron, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, determines the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.

Motherwort herb

Recent studies performed in China have shown that motherwort helps prevent blood clots relax the heart muscle, and lower blood pressure. Of course, anyone with a diagnosed or suspected heart condition should be under a doctor’s care.
Motherwort contains lionurine and stachydrine, alkaloids that not only help lower blood pressure but also have a sedating effect on the central nervous system, which supports motherwort’s traditional use as a treatment for depression anxiety.
The tranquilizing effects of this herb may benefit those experiencing anxiety as well as those having trouble sleeping. Laboratory studies have shown that the lionurine in motherwort also causes uterine contractions. Motherwort may indeed benefit women who are trying to induce menstruation, but those that are pregnant or trying to get pregnant should avoid motherwort altogether.

St.Johns wort herb

St. John’s Wort has become popular again as an antidepressant. It is the number one treatment in Germany and has been extensively studied by Commission E, the scientific advisory panel to the German government. It contains several chemicals, including hypericin, hyperforin, and pseudohypericin, which are thought to be the major sources of antidepressant activity. In several studies of laboratory animals and humans, one or more of the chemicals in St. John’s wort appeared to delay or decrease re-absorption of the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin by nerve cells.
Neurotransmitters are chemicals that carry messages from nerve cells to other cells. Ordinarily, once the message has been delivered, neurotransmitters are re-absorbed and inactivated by the cells that released them. Chemicals in St. John’s wort may keep more of these antidepressant neurotransmitters available for the body to utilise. Multiple studies have shown that St. John’s wort may be effective in relieving mild to moderate depression, although maximum antidepressant effects may take several weeks to develop.
St. John’s Wort is an MAO inhibitor and should not be used with alcohol and some other foods.
St. John’s wort has also been studied for the treatment of other emotional disorders such as anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), menopausal mood swings, and premenstrual syndrome. In laboratory studies, it has shown some effectiveness for lessening the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal and for reducing the craving for alcohol in addicted animals. It is believed that chemicals in St. John’s wort may act like other chemicals that are associated with relieving emotional conditions.

Cat’s step

Thyme herb

  • Thyme contains many active principles that are found to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.
  • Thyme herb contains thymol, one of the important essential oils, which scientifically have been found to have antiseptic, anti-fungal characteristics. The other volatile oils in thyme include carvacolo, borneol and geraniol.
  • Thyme contains many flavonoid Phenolic antioxidants like zeaxanthin, lutein, pigenin, naringenin, luteolin, and thymonin. Fresh thyme herb has one of the highest antioxidant levels among herbs, a total ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) value of 27426-umol TE/100 g.
  • Thyme is packed with minerals and vitamins that are essential for optimum health. Its leaves are one of the richest sources of potassium, iron, calcium, manganese, magnesium, and selenium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is required for red blood cell formation.
  • The herb is also a rich source of many important vitamins such as B-complex vitamins, beta carotene, vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin E, vitamin C and folic acid.
  • Thyme provides 0.35 mg of vitamin B-6 or pyridoxine; furnishing about 27% of daily recommended intake. Pyridoxine keeps up GABA (beneficial neurotransmitter in the brain) levels in the brain, which has stress buster function.
  • Vitamin C helps body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals.
  • Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin and antioxidant that is required maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin and is also essential for vision.

Eyebright herb

Eyebright has been used for centuries in the treatment of a number of ailments. The nutritional and herbal ingredients make it beneficial for many eye problems including ophthalmia (severe inflammation of the eye), blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids), conjunctivitis (pink eye), cataracts, stye, weeping eye, and bloodshot or strained eyes. It has also been found to be beneficial in treating respiratory conditions including bronchitis, colds, sinusitis, and allergies. Skin problems such as acne and stretch marks, as well as bad memory, have also been found to respond well to Eyebright treatments.

Wild Majoram herb

  • Uses of marjoram herb
  • As a snakebite antidote
  • Bruises
  • Conjunctivitis (infection of the eye’s inner lining)
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Lack of menstruation
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Motion sickness
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Sharp intestinal pains in infants

Blue Gentian herba

As a herbal medicine, the curative properties of the gentian roots are countless: gastric, tonic, simulative of the appetite, anti-febrile, anti-helmintic, and has choleretic-cholagogue actions. Because of its main components: gentio-pyrine, gentio-marine, amaragentine, tannin, gentianine, lipids, and mineral substances, gentian is recommended when treating dyskinetic biliary anorexia, for stimulating salivary secretion, for increasing gastric secretion and the body’s resistance.

Hairy Willowherb herba

The Willow herb is considered a common weed but may have potential benefit in prostate disorders. Oenothein B, a substance in willow herb, appears to have 5-alpha-reductase inhibitory activity.

Yarrow herba

Yarrow has the following beneficial properties.

  • antibiotic
  • anti-inflammatory – due to its oils
  • antiseptic – due to its oils
  • antispasmodic
  • astringent – due to the presence of resins
  • diuretic
  • sedative – a mild one, useful for dealing with mild insomniac conditions

The yarrow herb also has the following positive effects.

  • helps to improve cardiovascular conditions, partly by regulating blood pressure
  • improves the appetite
  • purifies the blood
  • regulates the menstrual cycle – due to the sterols in yarrow, which function in a similar fashion to hormones
  • repairs damaged or worn out body tissues – due to the presence of silica
  • removes heat and toxins from the body, by increasing sweating
  • stimulates the circulatory system
  • stimulates the flow of bile

Small caltrops herba (Tribulus terrestris)

Tribulus seems to work by increasing the levels of luteinizing hormone. This hormone sends a signal through the body to start producing testosterone which is why it has become popular herbal medicine/remedy to increase libido and as an herb to improve fertility naturally.
The popularity of tribulus as an herbal medicine/remedy for erectile dysfunction might be because of its ability to relax smooth muscles and by this allowing greater blood flow to the genitals.
Because of its claim to increase testosterone levels naturally, it has become popular herb for body building and as a remedy to gain weight for men.
In Europe, China and India, herbalists have found some success in using tribulus as a natural treatment for lowering blood pressure and as an herb for high cholesterol. It has also been used traditionally for nervous disorders, constipation and to stimulate the central nervous system and for the treatment of some types of headaches.
Tribulus terrestris demonstrates anti-microbial and anti-tumor properties as well. Finally, in addition to the plant’s active substances which seem to lower cholesterol, it also appears to act as an antioxidant.
Some researchers are also getting positive results in the use of it for hypertension and diabetes treatment but more studies are needed.

Centaury herba

Centuary is considered to be one of the most useful bitter herbs. It acts on the kidneys and liver, purifies the blood, strengthens digestive function, increases stomach secretions to assist with the breakdown of food, stimulates the appetite, and increases bile production. The whole herb is an appetizer, aromatic, bitter, cholagogue, diaphoretic, digestive, emetic, febrifuge, hepatic, homeopathic, poultice, stomachic, tonic, liver stimulant, and mild nervine.

Goosegrass herba

The extract is used as a herbal medicine as it has many healing properties and is very effective, without producing any side effects. Given below are some of the health benefits of this herb;

  • Goose grass is rich in chlorophyll, vitamin C and flavonoids that provide the body with antioxidants that replenish and strengthen the immune system. It also helps the body to fight against free radicals.
  • It is a great detoxification agent and helps in cleaning the impurities of the body. It also purifies the blood stream.
  • Bedstraw is very effective when it comes to curing disorders of the respiratory system like irritations of the mucous membrane, bronchitis and cough.
  • This herb helps in eliminating upper respiratory infection of the lugs, throat and sinus.
  • It helps in reducing the swelling of the lymph nodes, clearing abscesses and healing tumors and boils.
  • Clivers is an excellent remedy for treating ailments of the skin like psoriasis, eczema and inflammations or abrasions on the skin.
  • It has diuretic properties and helps in reducing the water retention and dissolves kidney stones and urinary bladder stones. It also helps in clearing the obstructions in the urinary tract and heals any type of urinary tract infection.
  • It is an excellent skin cleanser that deeply cleans the pores in the skin and prevents the eruption of acne.
  • It has high anti-inflammatory properties and is effective in healing the discomfort and pain caused due to arthritis.

Hyssop herba

  • Lung Problems: This herb is used to treat various lung problems like coughs, colds and, asthma. This is also useful in loosening the phlegm in lungs. Apply hyssop on the chest directly to treat many lung problems.
  • Sore Throat: For ages it has been used for treating sore throat and particularly useful for treating infants and children. Apply the hyssop paste to the throat directly to soothe and also for heals soreness. Hyssop tea is also used for treating sore throats.
  • Fevers: It is an excellent herbal medicine for fevers. Hyssop causes perspiration and purges the toxins from body and also fever. A cup of hyssop tea for every hour subsides fever.
  • High Blood Pressure:It regulates blood and improves the blood circulation, hence this makes it an excellent herb for treating high blood pressure. It lowers blood pressure and soothes the body.
  • Bruises and Inflammation: When hyssop leaves are directly applied to the skin, pain and swelling caused by the insects bites, bruises and other skin inflammations are reduced. Crush the fresh leaves and apply on the affected area.
  • For large bruises, make leaves into poultice. Soak herb for 15-20 minutes in boiling water and tie it in a cloth. Apply it on the affected areas and hence, to remove discoloration and also eases pain.
  • Stomach Problems: This herb soothes the lining of the stomach and is also helpful in treating all stomach disorders. Consume hyssop tea once or thrice in a day to treat all kinds of stomach disorders.

Speedwell herba

Speedwell can be used in herbal tea cough remedies as an expectorant, and also has diaphoretic (sweat -producing), diuretic and tonic properties. The plant is rich in vitamins, tannins, and the glycoside aucubin , which has antiinflammatory, diuretic and liver protective actions. Speedwell extracts can be added to skin ointments to treat eczema and help heal skin irritations and wounds.

Agrimony herba

The dried flowers of agrimony are used to make a ‘spring tonic’ or ‘diet drink’ and are thought to be a blood purifier.
Agrimony contains tannin believed to aid in ease of digestion and for mild and acute diarrhea. It is also beneficial for troublesome bowel issues and to help tone mucous membranes and improve function. Because of its diuretic affect, agrimony can help shed excess water weight and helps to flush the kidneys and bladder and help rid kidney stones. It is sometimes combined with corn silk to alleviate the symptoms of cystitis and urinary incontinence.
Due to its blood purification qualities, agrimony may help relieve symptoms of jaundice, liver ailments, and other blood conditions. This flushing aids in relieving the liver of built-up toxins and makes organ functioning better able to rid the body of disease.
Agrimony has many topical uses, including rheumatism relief and skin eruptions like pimples, acne and blotches and even scrofulous sores and eczema without noted adverse affects in moderate use.
Agrimony is also used in women suffering from heavy menstrual bleeding and for urinary infections. Pregnant women should avoid use.

Milk vetch herba

The ability to stimulate certain immune functions while depressing others; it is used as an overall body tonic used to strengthen digestion, increase metabolic activity, and stimulate the immune system and is highly beneficial for fatigue, low vitality, and frequently recurring infections. Useful for HIV/AIDS, diabetes,lupus and myasthenia gravis. To normalizes the function of the heart and kidneys, it is best used long term, on a daily basis.
Angina, atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure and heart attack – Chinese clinical studies have found that astragalus improves circulation after a heart attack by increasing the action of the left ventricle, the heart’s main pumping chamber.
Burns – astragalus increases the body’s production of the immune-system chemical interleukin-2 IL-2. It also releases polysaccharides that act in the same way as important antibodies, complementing their production by the immune system. Astragalus alone is effective in preventing depletion of white blood cells during chemotherapy. In studies in China, astragalus improves recovery time from both chemotherapy and radiation.
Common cold – used during cold season, it reduces the number of colds caught and shortens the duration of those that are caught. Increases the body’s production of interferon, which helps to protect against viruses invading the cells, helps the macrophages, immune cells that kill of viruses, to become faster and more efficient. Don’t take it while you have a cold.
Diabetes – A clinic study for the eye disease called diabetic retinopathy showed improvement in 82% of participants.
HIV/AIDS – stimulates the activity of T-helper cells depleted by AIDS without stimulating the activity of T-suppressor cells, which would deactivate them.
Lupus and rheumatoid arthritis – stimulates the natural killer (NK) cells without stimulating the detrimental components involved in rheumatoid arthritis- the B cells, and increases the immune system’s production of interferon, which stimulates the creation of proteins that prevent viral infection.

Horse tail herba

  • Horsetail contains silicic acid, potassium, aluminum salts, and calcium
  • Historically, horsetail has been used to stop bleeding, repair broken bones and as an herbal medicine/remedy for arthritis. It has also been beneficial in the treatment of dropsy, gravel and kidney infections, including ulceration and ulcers in the urinary passages.
  • Because horsetail has the ability to increase urine production, (a diuretic) it had gained popularity as an herbal treatment of kidney stones and urinary tract infections as well as prostrate problems.
  • Horsetail helps stop bleeding of ulcers and controls excessive menstrual bleeding. It has been used as an herbal treatment for rheumatic conditions and skin problems such as dandruff.
  • It has also been used successfully in the treatment of tuberculosis.
  • Because horsetail is rich in silica and silicic acids it could be beneficial as an herbal medicine/treatment for osteoporosis.
  • Some studies support that horsetail could be helpful in improving memory and cognitive function.

Betony herba

Betony herb is used for:

  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Diarrhea
  • Heartbeat
  • Kidney disease
  • Palpitation
  • Roundworms
  • Seizures
  • Stomachache
  • Toothache
  • Wounds

Celandine herba

Historically Celandine has been used for appetite loss and liver and gallbladder problems. Celandine is frequently used for a wide variety of other ailments, including stomach problems, intestinal polyps, chest pain (angina), cramps, asthma, hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure, gout, and water retention. The fresh roots are sometimes chewed to relieve toothache, and a powder derived from the roots can be applied to ease tooth extraction. The herb has also been used for an assortment of skin conditions, such as rashes, scabies, and warts. In China, it is used to correct irregular menstrual periods.

Black Mustard seeds

  • Mustard seeds are a good source of selenium, which is known for its anti-inflammatory effects. Selenium is a nutrient that helps in reducing the severity of asthma,
  • Mustard oil also helps prevent heart attacks and diabetic heart disease, thus making it the most preferred oil, recommended by doctors and dieticians alike.
  • Mustard seeds have proven to be helpful in reducing the frequency of migraine attacks.
  • Consuming these seeds is known to help women suffering from distorted sleep patterns, associated with symptoms of menopause
  • Mustard seeds contain a lot of phytonutrients called glucosinolates. They also boast of myrosinase enzymes, which can break glucosinolates into other phytonutrients called isothiocyanates
  • The seeds prove to be a good source of omega–3 fatty acids, iron, manganese, zinc, protein, calcium, dietary fiber and niacin.
  • Mustard seeds are a good source of magnesium, which helps reduce the severity of asthma, lower high blood pressure, and prevent heart attack in patients suffering from atherosclerosis or diabetic heart disease.
  • The magnesium in mustard seeds also helps in speeding up the metabolism of the body, hence improving digestion.
  • Mustard seeds are known to have antibacterial, antiseptic as well as antifungal properties.
  • Consuming black mustard seeds can help people with a lack of appetite, when taken with milk, 15 minutes before the meal.

Dill seeds

Dill is used as an appetizer. It is believed to stimulate peristaltic motion of the intestine and it has been used as an herbal medicine/remedy for heartburn.
It is used as an herbal medicine/remedy for insomnia. The flavonoids and vitamin-B complex which dill is rich of are believed to activate the secretion of certain enzymes and hormones which have calming effect.
Monoterpenes and flavonoids present in its essential oils are germicidal or bactericidal in nature. They can help treat diarrhea by inhibiting microbial infections.
Dill is high in calcium which promotes healthy teeth and bones. Also, dill seeds and leaves are very good mouth fresheners due to its anti-microbial nature.
It may help to protect the stomach lining. It has shown significant reduction of stomach acid secretions in mice, but has not yet been tested on humans for this effect.
Dill contains components known as polyacetylenes which have been shown to have anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity as well as anti-inflammatory effects.
Dill contains dietary fiber and it is a good source of the minerals manganese, iron and magnesium.
Dill has been thought to help lactating women increase the flow of milk.
For menstrual disorders the flavonoids in the essential oils of dill are believed to stimulate secretion of certain hormones which in turn help maintain proper menstrual cycles.
Commonly added to cough, cold and flu remedies.

Flax seeds

The seeds, which are high in fiber and mucilage, absorb large amounts of fluid and draw out toxins when ingested and act as a gentle bulking laxative. Flaxseed is, therefore, an effective herbal medicine/treatment for diarrhea and maintaining a healthy digestive tract and may even be effective in the prevention of chronic diseases such as diverticulosis.Flaxseed may be a natural remedy for high blood pressure and may also lower levels of a protein called homocysteine in the blood. This protein is measured as a major risk factor for the onset of heart disease

These small seeds are also a rich source of fibers known as lignans. Lignan fibers also mimic estrogen in the body and may modulate hormone levels, thereby providing a natural remedy for hormone fluctuations associated with menopause and premenstrual syndrome.
The anti-inflammatory compounds in flaxseed may provide herbal medicine/treatment for the relief of symptoms associated with rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis and other inflammatory diseases.
A single trial has provided evidence that the fatty acids found in flaxseed may naturally improve symptoms associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Flaxseeds have been used traditionally as an herbal topically medicine/treatment for chronic coughs, bronchitis, pleurisy, emphysema, and boils.

Fennel seeds

The health properties of fennel are warming, carminative, antispasmodic, antidepressant, stomachic, pectoral, diuretic, diaphoretic, aromatic, anti-microbial, pain reducing, fever reducing, and promotes milk-flow in nursing mothers.

Fennel has a long history as a commonly used household remedy for a variety of complaints, especially digestive disorders and it has been used traditionally as a remedy for gas, acid stomach, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gout, motion sickness, cramps, and spasms.
Fennel has a diuretic effect, which increases the amount and frequency of urination, which is thought to help remove toxic substances from the body.
Fennel is thought to be an effective herbal medicine/remedy for respiratory congestion and is a common ingredient in cough remedies.
It relaxes the smooth muscle lining of the digestive system.
Fennel is used as a natural treatment for anemia. Fennel contains iron and histidine, an amino acid found in fennel. Histidine stimulates production of hemoglobin and other components of the blood.
The tea is believed to increase milk production in nursing mothers, and may also relieve colic in babies. An infusion of the bruised seeds is a safe and effective natural treatment for flatulence in babies.
Fennel is rich in phytoestrogens, and is an emenagogue, easing and regulating menstruation by regulating hormonal action in the body. It is believed to be helpful as a natural treatment for amenhorrea, anxiety and depression.
The essential oil may be used topically to ease muscular and rheumatic pain and an infusion (steeped tea) of the fennel seeds may be used to prepare a compress as a treatment for conjunctivitis and inflammation of the eyelids.

Anise seeds

When taken internally the anise seeds have been used to relief indigestion, colic, gas, halitosis, bloating, abdominal cramps and to remove nausea. The seeds have mild diuretic (increase urine output) and diaphoretic (increase sweating) properties and they have also been used for their antiseptic effects.
Anise oil works as an expectorant, which means it helps in the coughing up of mucus in conditions like asthma, bronchitis, the common cold, and the whooping cough. It is therefore being used as an ingredient in cough syrups and lozenges.
Anise seeds also have mild oestrogenic effects most likely due to the presence of diantheole and photoantheole in the oil. This is why the seeds have been used traditionally to promote lactation in nursing mothers, increase libido and to relief symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
Ointments and soap containing anise oil can help as a natural remedy for oily skin and to treat impurities like mild acne.
Since anise oil is poisonous for many insects, ointments containing anise oil has also be used as a natural treatment for scabies and lice infestations.

Elder blossoms

Elderberry is most commonly used to treat the runny nose and sore throat of the common cold and to help to reduce the fever, muscle pain, and other symptoms of the flu.
This herb is an effective detoxifier and is believed to help clear infections such as acne, boils, and conjunctivitis and skin rashes.
It is used as an herbal medicine/remedy for constipation. Elderberry is also commonly used in Europe as a mild laxative and diuretic, suggesting that elderberries may also benefit kidney health.
Elderberry has been reported to have beneficial effects when used with antibiotics to treat sinus infection.
For high cholesterol sufferers, an early study reports that Elderberry juice may decrease serum cholesterol concentrations and increase low-density lipoprotein also known as “Bad Cholesterol”.
It is used as an herbal medicine/remedy to boost the immune system. Black elderberries encourage a healthy immune reaction against undesired organisms that induce flu-like symptoms. Black elderberries antioxidant and immune enhancing properties may have a beneficial effect on the body’s normal response to influenza viruses A and B. The berries like most berries from other plants are loaded with antioxidant flavonoids.
Elderberries contain anthocyanin flavonoids which are particularly noted for their free radical quenching activity throughout the cardiovascular system.

Hawthorn blossoms

Hawthorn is primarily used to treat heart disease and its associated illnesses like angina pectoris. Like many heart herbs, hawthorn improves stroke volume by increasing the amount of blood per heart beat. Blood flow becomes greater as the heart muscle produces a stronger contraction.

The hawthorn tree is also used to treat irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) and as a result, hawthorn increases blood flow to all areas of the body while improving circulation by dilating the blood vessels.
The rich bioflavonoid content of hawthorn berries assists the circulatory system by strengthening and toning the smooth muscle that makes up the arterial walls, helping to reduce the risk of stroke and aneuryism.
There are many phytochemicals in hawthorn, the most important being crataegus acid which is responsible for the vasodilating effect on the arterial walls; while it is the procyanthocyanidins found in hawthorn that are associated with its beneficial effects on the heart.
One German study into hawthorn indicated that this herb normalises blood pressure, not only to treat high blood pressure but to increase blood pressure that is too low. Hawthorn also has a secondary action as a diuretic, a common symptom of heart failure.

Chamomile blossoms

Chamomile is used for its anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antispasmodic and sedative properties.
It is also used internally to treat spasms and inflammation of the digestive tract.
In ancient Anglo-Saxon days, the chamomile flowers were chewed to relieve toothaches, which coincides with today’s use as a mouth rinse for sore gums and as an herbal medicine/treatment for gingivitis and inflammations of the oral cavity.
Chamomile is often used to treat nervous disorders such as insomnia, anxiety and nervous tension.
A salve or compress made from chamomile can be used to help treat wounds, burns, cold sores, canker sores, pinkeye and other skin irritations, due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
Chamomiles antispasmodic effects make it useful in treating spasms and cramping, including menstrual cramps.
Chamomile is used to make soothing teas and as an additive to bath water for a relaxing soak.
It is often added to cosmetics as an anti-allergen.
The anti-inflammatory properties of this medicinal herb make it a good choice for sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or other painful swelling disorders.
This herb is safe for use in children and may help with children’s problems that have a nervous component.
It has also been used as a herbal medicine/remedy for heartburn, morning sickness, motion sickness, chickenpox, diaper rash, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and colic.

Linden blossoms

Linden has been used in European herbal folk medicine for centuries for a wide range of health conditions.
Today linden is used by some cultures in connection with anxiety, although no clinical trials have confirmed the herbs effectiveness for anxiety. Some trials have produced results indicating that linden flower tea can help people with mild gallbladder problems, upset stomach or dyspepsia, and excessive gas causing the stomach to press against the bottom of the heart (also known as the gastrocardiac syndrome).

Marygold blossoms

The active compounds found in marigold have the quality of stimulating blood circulation and speeding up the healing periods. Marigold flowers contain a bitter compound, volatile oil. They have healing, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and soothing effects. They are a considerable source of flavonoids, carotenoids, vitamin C, proteins and resins, among others. The contained bio-flavonoids reduce the fragility of the capillary blood vessels.

Primerose blossoms

Today, evening primrose is still used for food, with the leaves and flowers being added to salads and the root being eaten as a vegetable
The oil from the leaves and seeds is used in creams and salves used to relieve the itching and redness of skin conditions, such as eczema. It is also used to help with wound and burn healing.
This herb is also helpful for premenstrual syndrome (PMS), menstrual cramps, menopausal symptoms, and breast pain associated with the hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle.
Evening primrose may be a useful herb for weight loss, especially for those with a family history of obesity. Coupled with its cardiovascular system support, this can be a very positive benefit.
Evening primrose has also been effective in reducing peripheral neuropathy and other symptoms associated with diabetes.
Currently under scientific study are the possibilities of the evening primrose oil (EPO) as an herbal medicine/remedy for heart disease, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, hay fever, stomach ulcers and inflammatory bowel disease.

Valerian roots

Valerian root is a perennial herb that is commonly used in supplements. Although the herb is primarily used for sleeping problems, it also allegedly helps treat the following conditions:

  • Insomnia or other sleep disorders
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Seizures or epilepsy
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Menopause symptoms.

Licorice roots

Licorice root has an impressive list of well documented uses and is probably one of the most over-looked of all herbal medicine remedies. It is used for many ailments including asthma, athlete’s foot, baldness, body odour, bursitis, canker sores, chronic fatigue, depression, colds and flu, coughs, dandruff, emphysema, gingivitis and tooth decay, gout, heartburn, HIV, viral infections, fungal infections, ulcers, liver problems, Lyme disease, menopause, psoriasis, shingles, sore throat, tendinitis, tuberculosis, ulcers, yeast infections, prostate enlargement and arthritis.

Bloody cransbill roots

Ginger is well known as a remedy for travel sickness, nausea and indigestion and is used for wind, colic, irritable bowel, loss of appetite, chills, cold, flu, poor circulation, menstrual cramps, dyspepsia (bloating, heartburn, flatulence), indigestion and gastrointestinal problems such as gas and stomach cramps. Ginger is a powerful anti-inflammatory herb and there has been much recent interest in its use for joint problems. It has also been indicated for arthritis, fevers, headaches, toothaches, coughs, bronchitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, to ease tendonitis, lower cholesterol and blood-pressure and aid in preventing internal blood clots.

Dandelion roots

Dandelion root provides vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D and vitamin B complex, as well as zinc, iron and potassium. Because of its iron content, it is widely used as a remedy for liver ailments, and has a diuretic effect that can help rid the liver of toxins. Potassium is also necessary for proper kidney function, and can help lower blood pressure. Vitamins A, C and B complex are all important for heart health, and there is some suggestion that dandelion root may help lower cholesterol.

Restharrow roots

Restharrow Root is an herbal medicine used to increase urine flow in patients with kidney stones or infection of the urinary tract. It has also been used for arthritis.

Stinging nettle roots

Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. Today, many people use it to treat urinary problems during the early stages of an enlarged prostate (called benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH), for urinary tract infections, for hay fever (allergic rhinitis), or in compresses or creams for treating joint pain, sprains and strains, tendonitis, and insect bites.

Mallow roots

Historically, marshmallow plants have been used to relieve coughs and sore throats, as well as for chapped skin and minor wounds.

Both the root and the leaf of the marshmallow plant contain a substance known as mucilage polysaccharides, a mucusy substance that does not dissolve in water. It is this substance that causes marshmallow to swell up and become slippery when wet. This attribute of the marshmallow plant gives it the ability to soothe irritation of the mouth, throat and stomach, as well as to relieve coughing.
Marshmallow is also believed to have a limited ability to fight infection and boost the immune system.

Burdock roots

The consumption of burdock root benefits health in many ways. Folk herbalists were convinced that burdock root worked best as a diuretic and diaphoretic herbal medicine.
For several hundred years now, the burdock plant and burdock root have been used for purifying and flushing toxins from the bloodstream. In its capacity as a diuretic, the burdock herb and root increase the output of urine, thereby flushing out excess water.
Burdock is said to neutralize and eliminate poisons in the system, and it has been used historically as an antidote for acute poisoning.
Fresh burdock roots contain polyacetylenes, which are phytochemicals (plant chemicals) that kill some types of bacteria and fungi; burdock has been used to treat both bacterial and fungal infections, including ringworm, urinary tract infections, and acne. Its antibacterial effects may also promote wound healing and help treat ulcers.
In addition, the consumption of burdock root benefits the treatment of gastrointestinal conditions, stimulates the digestive organs and also treats various stomach ailments.

Comfrey roots bark

Comfrey roots encourage healthy and faster re-growth of damaged tissues. They appear to be black from outside, with fleshy glutinous juicy substance in it. Primary compound mucilage and allantoin present in it are responsible for accelerating tissue healing and closing of wounds. Comfrey root causes wounds to contract and heal faster by preventing any infections. When applied to the skin, it minimizes scars.
Comfrey root has various nutrient benefits when consumed as a tonic. Various beneficial nutrient components are protein, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin, B Complex Vitamins, Mucilaginous fibre, Calcium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Iron, Magnesium, Sulfur, Copper, Zinc, Selenium and Germanium.

Comfrey root extract are used as ointments for the treatments of acute upper and lower back pain.

Willow bark

Studies and researches identify that Willow Bark has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiseptic, anti-oxidant, analgesic, and immune boosting capability. Therefore, it has been used in the treatment of a number of minor to severe ailments such as headache, toothache, backache, osteoarthritis, PMS, menstrual cramps, muscular pains and strains, cardiovascular disorders, cuts, wounds, burns, colds, flu, fever, and rheumatory and inflammatory disorders, i.e. bursitis, arthritis, painful articular (joint) conditions, carpal tunnel syndrome and tendinitis. Due to its nutritional and healing properties many European countries (Germany, France, England) have approved Willow Bark for pain and rheumatic conditions. Also its extract has been approved by the European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (ESCOP) to be used in the treatment of mild rheumatic disorders, pain and fever.

Hazel bark

Witch hazel is taken by mouth for diarrhea, mucus colitis, vomitingblood, coughing up blood, tuberculosis, colds, fevers, tumors.
Some people apply witch hazel directly to the skin for itching, pain and swelling (inflammation), eye inflammation, skin injury, mucous membrane inflammation, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, bruises, insect bites, minor burns, and other skin irritations.

Alder, Buckthorn bark

Alder buckthorn bark is used today primarily as a laxative. It is milder than other herbal medicine/laxatives, such as senna, and its effect is similar to rhubarb. In the vernacular, alder buckthorn is also called “gunpowder” wood because black powder used to be manufactured from alder buckthorn charcoal.

Oak bark

Oak bark is used as a tea for diarrhea, colds, fever, cough, and bronchitis; for stimulating appetite; and for improving digestion.
Some people apply oak bark directly to the skin in a compress or add it to bath water for pain and swelling (inflammation) of the skin, mouth, throat, genitals, and anal region; and for red itchy skin due to cold exposure (chilblains).

Rosehips fruits

  • Rosehip tea has antibacterial, anti-viral, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Due to its anti-aging properties, the tea heals tissues and cells.
  • The tea fights cell damage caused by free radicals, tones the organs and regenerates cells.
  • The phyto-chemicals present in rosehip tea prevent cardiac problems.
  • It is a tonic that can invigorate and refresh a person and also increase his energy level.
  • The nutrients present in the tea boost immunity.
  • The vitamins contained in rosehip tea ensure vitality and longevity.
  • Rosehip tea prevents colds and viral infections.
  • It cleanses the respiratory tract and clears mucous congestion; thus, easing breathing.
  • The tea is also helpful in minor ailments, like urinary tract infections.
  • It prevents stress and acts as an anti-depressant, due to its calming effect.
  • Rosehip tea is good for hormone regulation, skin hydration and circulation.
  • The tea is recommended by herbal medicine practitioners for relieving nausea, headaches, menstrual cramps, kidney and bladder infections, diarrhea and dizziness.
  • The pectin present in rosehip tea helps in relieving constipation, cleansing the intestines and lowering cholesterol.
  • It is used for treating disorders like allergies, asthma, bronchitis, etc.
  • Rich in flavonoids, rosehip tea helps in strengthening the body’s capillaries.
  • It fights dysentery and strengthens the stomach.

Hawthorn fruits

Hawthorn is used to help protect against heart disease and help control high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Both animal and human studies suggest hawthorn increases coronary artery blood flow, improves circulation, and lowers blood pressure. It has also been used on the skin to treat boils and skin sores.

Juniper fruits

The following are the health benefits attributed to juniper tea:

  • Juniper Tea may be helpful in supporting the functions of the stomach, in treating colic, indigestion and flatulence.
  • Juniper Tea may help in alleviating cystitis.
  • Juniper Tea in limited dosage may be helpful in the treatment of kidney and bladder disorders. However, one should exercise extreme caution in using this to fight severe kidney diseases. Always seek the guidance of your physician.
  • Juniper Tea may help stimulate the appetite.
  • Juniper Tea may be helpful intreatment of arthritis, rheumatism and gout.
  • Juniper Tea may help stimulate menstrual flow.

Corn silk

Cornsilk is a powerful diuretic, and is very effective for many different problems related to the kidneys. Urinary tract infections and inflammation of the bladder can benefit by the use of cornsilk. It is also beneficial for people who suffer from water retention and bloating, even for those with PMS.
Other conditions that benefit from the use of cornsilk include gout, heart problems, and hardening of the arteries.
Cornsilk is an effective ingredient included in many weight loss products. Because of its gentle diuretic properties, it helps those who have problems with bloating and water retention shed off excess weight. It also cleanses the bladder and urinary tract, which helps detoxify the body of waste.

Lavender blossoms

Dried lavender flowers are used to prepare a series of natural remedies with cicatrizant, antiseptic, calming, and relaxing effects. By containing tannin, a bitter substance, mineral substances, essential oils, lavender flowers have an antiseptic, calming, and carminative activity, and nerve stimulating effects. They are used in cases of digestive disorder, in cephalalgia as a flavoring and corrective agent, in hypertension, cardiac affections, headaches, insomnia, melancholia, dizziness, or bronchial asthma.

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